India: Religion                                                                 

India is a very diverse country with many faiths represented. There is no single Indian religion.

Hindu                             80.5%

Muslim                           13.4%

Christian                         2.3%

Sikh                               1.9%

Other                             1.8%

Unspecified                     0.1%


  • Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam are all important faiths of India. Buddhism began in India and spread to other parts of Asia. Islam came from West Asia. The origins of Hinduism are less well known, but are related to the arrival of the Indo-European Aryans from West Asia.
  • Jainism also has a history in India. Jains believe in being kind to all creatures—even tiny little bugs. They believe in telling the truth and living a humble life.
  • Sikhs believe in one God and follow the teachings if 10 human gurus from the 15th to the 17th centuries. It is believed that God cannot be found by humans but reveals himself to those who seek him through prayer and selflessness. Sikhs believe in equality, service, and protection of the weak against injustice.
  • The Constitution of India declares the nation to be a secular (non religious) republic that must uphold the right of citizens to freely worship any religion or faith. The Constitution also declares the right to freedom of religion as a fundamental right.