Oman: Overview                                              

Official Name           The Sultanate of Oman

Capital                      Muscat

Government             Monarchy

Population               3,355,262

(immigrants make up over 40% of the total population, according to UN data in 2015)

Ethnic Groups          Arab


South Asian (includes Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan and Bangladeshi)


Religion                    Muslim                       85.9%

Christian                      6.5%

Hindu                          5.5%

Buddhist                      0.8%

Jewish                       <0.1%

Other                              1%

Unaffiliated                   0.2%

Languages               Arabic (official)




Indian Dialects


Oman is the oldest independent state in the Arab world. By the 18th century, the Omani Empire stretched from present day Oman down the east coast of Africa. A new era began in 1970 when Sultan Qaboos bin Said changed the name of the country from the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman to simply Oman.

The Middle East

The Middle East (or West Asia) sits where Africa, Asia and Europe meet. The countries in the Middle East are all part of Asia. For clarity, they are often shown geographically as a separate landmass.