Venezuela: Geography                                             



912,050 sq km


Area Comparative                

Almost six times the size of Georgia, USA

Slightly more than twice the size of California, USA



Andes mountains and Maracaibo lowlands in northwest

Central plains (llanos)

Guiana highlands in southeast

Natural Resources               

  • Petroleum

  • Natural gas

  • Iron ore

  • Gold

  • Bauxite

  • Other minerals

  • Hydropower

  • Diamonds

  Natural Hazards                   

  • Subject to floods

  • Rockslides

  • Mudslides

  • Periodic droughts


Environmental Issues          

  • Sewage pollution of Lago de Valencia

  • Oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo

  • Deforestation

  • Soil degradation

  • Pollution—especially along the Caribbean coast

  • Threat to the rainforest ecosystem from mining

Venezuela: Climate                                           

Explore the world's climate zones here! Search for Venezuela and discover where each zone listed above is located within the country.


  • Venezuela is located just 8° above the equator—which means it is warm most of the time. The climate of Venezuela is tropical, hot and humid. The highlands have more moderate weather.
  • Temperatures don’t fluctuate much. They are between 26°C (79°F) and 28°C (82°F). The main factor in temperature variance is altitude. The mountainous Andean regions are significantly cooler and temperatures can drop to around 9°C (48°F).
  • The coastal regions on the Caribbean feel pleasantly warm.
  • The lowland areas have a tropical climate.
  • Venezuela’s rainy season runs from May to December. During this period, there is the possibility of flooding in certain low-lying areas—such as the Llanos and in some valleys of the Andes.
  • The dry season is from December to April.
  • January and February are the coolest months.
  • July and August are the warmest.
  • The best time to visit the Andes mountains (photo) is from October to May—before the rains come in June. Even during the dry season there’s always a chance of rain in the mountains.