Peru: Geography & Climate                              


1,285,220 sq km (slightly smaller than Alaska, US)



Western coastal plains (costa), high and rugged Andes Mountains in the center (sierra) (photo), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)


Natural Resources           

Copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas


Geography Note               

With Bolivia, Peru shares control of Lago Titicaca, the world's highest navigable lake. The remote slope of Nevado Mismi, a 5,316-meter peak, is the initial source of the Amazon River.


Natural Hazards                

Earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity



Explore the world's climate zones here! Search for Peru and discover where each zone listed above is located within the country.

Varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west. Temperatures go down to freezing in the Andes. Although in the tropics, rain in Lima is rare. The summer temperature is usually in the low to mid 60'sºF (16-18ºC) and only a few degrees lower in June and July. Humidity in the city is very high and, as a result, fog is often present, especially between May and November.