Argentina: Geography                                             

Area                                       2,780,400 sq km  

Area Comparative                 Slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US  

Terrain                                  Rich plains of the Pampas in northern half

                                           Flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south

                                            Rugged Andes along western border  

Natural Resources                 Fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron                                                     ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium and arable land  

Natural Hazards                   

  •  San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes

  •  Pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast  

  •  Heavy flooding in some areas  

Environmental Issues        Deforestation, soil degradation, desertification, air    pollution and water pollution


Mt. Fitzroy, Patagonia, Argentina

  • Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a country in South America, constituted as a federation of 23 provinces and an autonomous city.

  • Argentina is the 2nd largest country in South America by land area, and 8th in the world.

  • Argentina’s continental area is 2,766,890 km²(1,068,302 sq mi), between the Andes mountain range in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east and south.

  • Argentina borders Paraguay and Bolivia to the north, Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast, and Chile to the west and south.


 The Widest Street in the World, Buenos Aires, Argentina   

Argentina: Climate                                                          

Explore the world's climate zones here! Search for Argentina and discover where each zone listed above is located within the country.

  Because Argentina is so large, the climate varies greatly.

  • The northeast is tropical and humid.

  • The northern Chaco plain areas are usually hot and dry in the summer and moderately cold and dry in the winter.

  • The capital city of Buenos Aires and the central coastal regions are warm and humid in the summer and cool in the winter.


  • The massive Patagonia region's (photo below on the left) weather ranges from subtropical conditions in the north, to subarctic in the far south. 


  • The central Pampas (photo below on the right) are generally moderate throughout the year with dry winters, hot summers and desert-like conditions in the far west. 


  • The higher elevations of the Andes are very cold, with frequent snow in the southern peaks.  

    Fact: Seasons in Argentina are the opposite of those in the northern hemisphere. That means the summer months are December through February.