Germany: Geography & Climate                               

Explore the world's climate zones here! Search for Germany and discover where each zone listed above is located within the country.


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Area                                        357,022 sq km

Area Comparative               

  • Three times the size of Pennsylvania, USA
  • Slightly smaller than Montana, USA


  • Lowlands in north
  • Uplands in center
  • Bavarian Alps in south

Natural Resources   The highest point in Germany is Zugspitze at an elevation of 2,963 meters.

  • Coal
  • Lignite
  • Natural gas
  • Iron ore
  • Copper
  • Nickel
  • Uranium
  • Potash
  • Salt
  • Construction materials
  • Timber
  • Arable land

Natural Hazard                    

  • Flooding

Environmental Issues         

  • Emissions from coal-burning industries contribute to air pollution
  • Acid rain, resulting from sulfur dioxide emissions, is damaging forests
  • Pollution in the Baltic Sea from raw sewage and industrial effluents from rivers in eastern Germany
  • Hazardous waste disposal
  • Government established a mechanism for ending the use of nuclear power by 2022
  • Government working to meet EU commitment to identify nature preservation areas in line with the EU's “Flora, Fauna, and Habitat” directive

Land & Climate

  • Germany’s terrain consists mostly of mountains and forests, although the northern part, near the seashore, is flat.
  • At the sea, breezes from the North Sea keep the weather mild. Germans in that area use much of the land to plant crops.
  • The central area of Germany has low mountains and hills covered with forests.
  • Southern Germany has many lakes and also snow-covered mountains (in the winter) known as the Bavarian Alps.
  • Average annual temperature:                 48 degrees F
  • Average temperature in January:            22-30 degrees F
  • Average temperature in July:                  63-68 degrees F
  • Average annual rainfall:                         about 20 inches per year