India: Geogrpahy                                                            

  • India is surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the west, the Bay of Bengal on the east, and the Indian Ocean to the south.
  • India shares borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma (Myanmar) and Bangladesh.
  • India is divided into seven major regions:
    • Himalayas
    • Indo-Gangetic Plain
    • Central Highlands
    • Deccan Plateau
    • Western Ghats
    • Eastern Ghats
    • Islands
  • India has 7,000 miles of coastline.
  • India has an upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in the south, a flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in the west, and the Himalayas in north.

India: Climate                                                                

Explore the world's climate zones here! Search for India and discover where each zone listed above is located within the country.

  • India's climate ranges from permanent snows in the Himalayas, to tropical conditions along the coasts, to a continental climate of inland areas.
  • There are many regional and seasonal climate variations.
  • October to March is the cool season in Peninsular India. Parts of the south and east see a brief spell of rain from the northeast monsoon, while snow and sleet make the extreme north very cold and often inaccessible.
  • Summer, from April to June, is very hot and dry for most of the country, and humid along the coasts. Kashmir and the hill stations of Himachal and Uttar Pradesh are particularly lovely at this time of the year.
  • The southwest monsoon begins to set in along the western coast towards the end of May, bringing a welcome respite from the heat and varying amounts of rain as it moves across the rest of the country through June and July and withdraws by late September. Northeastern India has heavy rain during this season, making it one of the wettest regions in the world.

 Do you know what a monsoon is?


 How might life be different during a monsoon?