Mexico: Food                                                                   

Check out what Mexicans eat and how it has changed from 1961-2011 by finding the "pie" chart for Mexico on the right side!

Real Mexican food is quite unlike the dishes found in most Mexican and Tex-Mex restaurants in other countries. In tourist areas, you’ll find restaurants with familiar names and special tourist menus. Be careful! Their offerings might be over-priced and not very high quality.

If you take the time to taste real Mexican food, and if you like adventures, you’ll be well rewarded in Mexico!


The staple food of generations of Mexicans, tortillas can be made of flour (more common in the north) or maize (the traditional method and still the most common in the south). Often served alongside a meal as bread would be, tortillas are also used in many typical dishes – rolled and baked for enchiladas, fried for tacos or grilled for quesadillas.

What do you think a staple food means?

Frijoles (beans)

A good source of protein, beans of different varieties are most commonly boiled and then fried. They can be a main ingredient in a meal or served on the side.

Chili Peppers

In general, the bigger the chili, the milder the flavor. Large poblano chilies are stuffed and served as a main course whereas the small habañero peppers are very hot. To ask if a dish is spicy, say "Es picante?









Avocado mashed with onions, chilies, and cilantro (coriander), salt, pepper, and lime served as a dip or as a garnish.


A salsa is actually just a sauce, although it is most commonly associated with the red or green mix of tomatoes, onion, chili, and cilantro (coriander) served as a relish or a dip. Beware of salsa habañero! Always try just a little first!


Raw fish marinated in lime juice. Strangely, the lime juice kind of cooks the fish ever so slightly.

Can you think of another country that is known for eating raw fish?


Tortillas coated in a tomato and chili sauce, stuffed with vegetables, chicken or pork then folded and baked. Despite the chili, enchiladas are often fairly mild. Enchiladas suizas are topped with sour cream.











Tortillas stuffed with cheese, folded, and grilled. A simple dish often served with beans or a little salad. This is the perfect meal for those avoiding anything spicy!

Chiles Renellos

Renellos means to be filled with or stuffed. Large Poblano chilies stuffed with cheese or spicy meat (called picadillo). The chilies are mild although the sauce may not be!

What sounds good to you? What do you think you’ll try first?