Peru: Flag                                  


  • Peru’s flag was adopted by the government in 1825.


  • It has 3 vertical bands: 2 red outer bands and a single white middle band.


  • There is an escudo de armas (coat of arms) centered on the white band. The coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuña (the national animal which is similar to a llama), a cinchona tree (the source of quinine—a powerful anti-malarial drug and the key ingredient in tonic water), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins (which symbolizes the country’s mineral resources), all framed by a green wreath (that represents the national flora).