Russia: Flag & National Symbol                                  

  • The flag of Russia, adopted on the 26th of December 1991, is made up of three horizontal stripes of white, blue, and red.

  • The tricolor dates back to the time Peter the Great ruled the land.
    • The white represents nobility.
    •  The blue represents honesty.
    •  The red represents courage and love.

National Symbol

  • The hammer and sickle are a part of communist symbolism and their usage indicate an association with communism, a communist party, or a communist state.


  • The two tools are symbols of the industrial proletariat (working class) and the peasantry (farmers and country-people). Placing the hammer and sickle together symbolizes the unity between industrial and agricultural workers.


  • The emblem was made during the Bolshevik Revolution (1917).


  • The hammer and sickle are best known from having been incorporated into the red flag of the Soviet Union (1922-1991).