Spain: Flag & National Symbol                                   

  • The Spanish flag is colloquially known as "la Rojigualda."


  • The yellow stripe is twice the size of each red stripe


  • The origin of the flag of Spain is the naval ensign of 1785 called Pabellón de la Marina de Guerra.


  • The flag was chosen by Charles III of Spain among 12 different flags designed by naval officer Antonio Valdés y Fernández Bazán (1744 – 1816).


  • The flag remained marine for much of the next 50 years, flying over coastal fortresses, marine barracks and other naval properties.


  • In 1820, the first Spanish land unit (La Princesa Regiment) used the flag.


  • In 1843, Queen Isabella II of Spain made the flag official and it has been used ever since.

  • The Spanish coat of arms symbolizes the country, the old kingdoms of Spain (clockwise from upper left, Castile, Leon, Navarre and Aragon), the royal crown, the imperial crown, the constitutional monarchy, the Spanish national motto: Plus Ultra and the pillars of Hercules—which are the two promontories (Gibraltar and Ceuta) on either side of the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar. Granada is represented by the stylized pomegranate (granada in Spanish) at the bottom of the shield.


               Can you find all of the symbols mentioned above in the coat of arms?

               What do you think each one stands for or means to Spaniards?


Q: What do you think Plus ultra means in Latin?

A: The terms literally means, “further beyond.” Plus ultra in the context of the coat of arms of Spain refers to the political ambition of the Holy Roman Empires to become a world power after the European discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492.