Germany: Flag & Coat of Arms                                   

  • Germany’s flag has three stripes: black on top, red in the middle and gold on the bottom


  • The color scheme of black, red and gold has played an important role in the history of Germany and has had various meanings. The colors of the modern flag are associated with the republican democracy formed after World War II, and represent German unity and freedom—not only the freedom of the country of Germany, but also the personal freedom of the German people.

  • The coat of arms of Germany features an eagle. The colors of the coat of arms are similar to those of the flag of Germany (black, red and gold). It is one of the oldest existing state symbols of Europe and is among the oldest insignia in the world.


  • The history of the eagle as an emblem of Germany began very early. The Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire reserved eagle imagery for only the most revered beings— namely, the supreme God and the emperor. The eagle was a metaphor of invincibility.

  • Around the year 1200, the black eagle icon on a gold field was generally recognized as the imperial coat of arms. In 1433, the double-headed eagle was adopted for the first time by the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund. Since then, the double-headed eagle came to be used as the symbol of the German emperor, and hence as the coat of arms of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. From the middle of the 15th century onwards, emperors put the emblem of their dynasty on the eagle's chest. After the end of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation in 1806, a German state and a unified state emblem ceased to exist.