UAE: Climate                                            


Explore the world's climate zones here! Search for United Arab Emirates and discover where each zone listed above is located within the country.

Climate Zone                     

Sub-tropical and arid.  


From April to September the weather is hot (around 40 degrees Centigrade) and extremely humid.  


The humidity is less and the temperature generally ranges from 20-35 degrees Centigrade, with an average night-time temperature of -15 degrees Centigrade.  


Infrequent and usually occurs between November and March, with an average annual rainfall of 152mm (6 inches).

Climate Concerns             

  • Lack of natural freshwater resources Desertification 

  • Beach pollution from oil spills  

Natural Hazards                

  • Frequent sand and dust storms

  • Some winter mornings bring fog    


Sample Dubai Weather Report

Fog ahead! Dubai Meteorological Office predicts worsening weather into the weekend. High winds of up to 20 knots are predicted to hit the UAE on Wednesday, with dust storms and poor visibility likely to cause further traffic chaos on the nation’s roads. The airport is currently closed due to the dust storm.

The gusts are forecast to last until Friday and will trigger a temperature plunge of about four degrees. The UAE’s offshore conditions will also be rough with winds of up to 30 knots, while waves are expected to reach seven feet.    



“This is a recent phenomenon,” said Adnan Akber, a researcher in the water resources division of the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. “We are receiving intensive dust storms that are alsoaffecting the UAE.”

Such storms have a complex set of causes, but the main factor, according to Mr Akber, is perhaps the most surprising. There have been many geopolitical consequences of the 2003 invasion of Iraq – and now part of the fallout can be found in the orange dust coating cars all over the UAE, he said. If you’re asking what the major cause of the dust is in the UAE, I would have to say the military operations in Iraq are really changing the surface terrain there. Six years of troop and vehicle movements had, he said, ground soil into fine grains, sending powder billowing skywards. “What that movement does is it disintegrates the 
soil particles, which, in the past, were naturally compacted,” he said. “Now those particles are being loosened, so it’s easier for that dust to be picked up.”

Mr Akber also pointed to a second year of drought in Iraq, compounded by the lowering of water levels in the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers by damming and irrigation projects upstream in Turkey and Syria, which had contributed to the arid conditions in Iraq.  

NASA’s analysis of the dust cloud image concurred with several of his conclusions. It said: “Some causes included regional drought, water diversion, desertification and power shortages that interfere with irrigation systems. The combination of factors led to a build-up of dust in Iraq that could be lofted into the atmosphere by even slight winds.”

Other experts say military action may not necessarily be the primary cause of the dust.