Malaysia: Climate & Nature                                         

Explore the world's climate zones here! Search for Malaysia and discover where each zone listed above is located within the country.


  • Tropical
  • Southwest Monsoons (April to October)
  • Northeast Monsoons (October to February)

Average Temperature    

  • 20°C - 30°C


  • Malaysia’s weather is tropical year-round. Humidity is common because of its proximity to water. With the exception of the highlands, the temperature is mostly moderately hot. On the whole, days are quite warm and nights are cool in Malaysia.


  • Haze, from fires on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, has become a periodic nuisance for residents of Singapore and Malaysia, which are only 75 km (46 miles) away from Sumatra. Visibility can be reduced to a few meters and eye irritations and respiratory problems have increased. Droughts and unlawful burning of rain forests by farmers and illegal loggers in Sumatra are the main causes of this environmental nightmare. The haze is worse from September to October.


  • On the west coast, the rainy season extends from September to December, whereas the east coast receives heavy rainfall from October to February. East Malaysia receives heavy rain between the months of November and February.


  • Monsoon season peaks from November to February, though August is the wettest month on the west coast.

What are monsoon rains?

Answer: Monsoon rains are a combination of heavy rain and wind that normally arrive during just one season of the year.

What are typhoons?

Answer: A  typhoon is a tropical rainstorm that usually starts at sea. Though strong winds and heavy rainfall can often cause severe damage, the storms are also a significant source of water.

Flora & Fauna

  • Although Malaysia's size is similar to that of Norway, natural trees and forests cover almost three quarters of the land—an area equivalent to the United Kingdom. One can walk for hundreds of miles in Malaysia under a continuous canopy of green, marveling at an abundance of plant and animal species. 


  • A single half-kilometer of land in Borneo's lowland forest, for example, may well contain more than eight hundred different species of trees, flowers, birds, ferns and insects.


  • This endlessly varied environment also shelters the world's rarest and most remarkable animals: the Sumatran rhinoceros, the clouded leopard, the Malaysian tiger, the sun bear, the monitor lizard and the orangutan, or "man of the forest." Malaysia's forests are also home to Southeast Asia's highest peak, as well as to the world's most extensive and capacious natural caverns.

  • The forest itself is one of the most ancient on the planet—far older than the equatorial forests of the Amazon or the Congo. For tens of thousands of years, it has been the home of nomadic forest peoples. Ancient civilizations have flourished as well as disappeared in its vastness. Legends abound and archaeologists have only just begun their efforts here.


  • Exciting discoveries are now being made by genetic biologists—who have begun searching the wealth of life in Malaysia's forests for new medicines to combat AIDS, cancer and many other illnesses.