Pakistan: Religion                                               

Introduction

The majority of Pakistanis are Sunni Muslims. There is a small Shia minority. About 85-90% of Pakistanis are Sunni and about 10-15% are Shia. Sunni and Shia are different denominations of the Muslim faith.

 

Daily Prayer

There are many sacred aspects to the faith. One is the importance that prayer, considered an act of worship, plays in the devout Muslim daily routine. Observant Muslims pray five times each day while facing Mecca. Because daytime length changes throughout the year, the prayer times also change. Often prayer times are posted in public places for easy reference.

Prescribed times for prayer are named:

  1. Fajr                one hour before sunrise
  2. Dhur               at noon
  3. Asr                mid-afternoon
  4. Maghreb        sunset
  5. Isha               about 90 minutes after sunset

 

 


Five Basic Rules of the Islamic Faith

1.  Belief in one God (Allah) and his prophet Muhammad

2.  Pray five times a day

3.  Fast during the month of Ramadan

4.  Give alms

5.  Make a pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia (photo) at least once in a lifetime

 

Unclean

The following are considered unclean and should not to be touched or swallowed:

  • Pigs and pork meat
  • Alcoholic drinks
  • Human or animal excrement
  • Carcasses of dead animals
  • Dogs - They may be kept for security reasons—but only outside of the house.