Yemen: Overview                                                           

Capital                      Sana’a 

 

Population               27,392,779 (2016)

 

Ethnic Groups        

  • Arab (predominant)

  • Afro-Arab

  • South Asians

  • Europeans

 

Religions                 

Muslim (Sunni 65%; Shia 35%)                           99.1%

Other

(includes Jewish, Baha'i, Hindu and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents)                      

                                                                     0.9%

 

Languages               

  • Arabic (official)

  • Socotri (widely used on Socotra Island and archipelago)

  • Mahri (widely spoken in eastern Yemen)

 

Independence       

1918 North Yemen became independent from the Ottoman Empire. 

 

1962 – North Yemen became a republic with the overthrow of the theocratic Imamate.

 

November 30, 1967 – South Yemen became independent from the UK.

 

May 22, 1990 – Republic of Yemen was established with the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic (Sana’a or North Yemen) and the Marxist-dominated People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (Aden or South Yemen).