Peru: Overview                                       

Capital                      Lima

 

Government              Constitutional republic

 

Population               30,741,062 (2016 estimated)

 

Ethnic Groups        

Amerindian                                                             45% (photo)

Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white)                     37%

White                                                                     15%

Black, Japanese, Chinese, and Other                        3%

Religion                   

Roman Catholic                                                        81.3%

Evangelical                                                                12.5%

Other                                                                           3.3%

Unspecified or none                                                      2.9%

 

Language                 

Spanish and Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of Amazonian languages

 

Independence       

From Spain on July 28th, 1821