Pakistan: Overview

Capital                                     Islamabad

 

Government                              Federal Republic

            

Population                               199,085,847 (July 2015)

 

Ethnic Groups                    

Punjabi                                                                      44.68%

Pashtun (Pathan)                                                   15.42%

Sindhi                                                                         14.1%

Sariaki                                                                          8.38%

Muhajirs                                                                       7.57%

Balochi                                                                         3.57%

Other                                                                           6.28%

 

Religion                               

Muslim (official)                                                             96.4%

Other (includes Christian and Hindu)                       3.6%

 

Language                             

Punjabi                                                                              48%

Sindhi                                                                                12%

Saraiki (a Punjabi variant)                                              10%

Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu)                                  8%

Urdu (official)                                                                     8%

Balochi                                                                                3%

Hindko                                                                                 2%

Brahui                                                                                  1%

English (official), Burushaski and Other                                8%

 

Independence                    August 14, 1947 (from British India)

Faisal Mosque, the largest mosque in Pakistan