Australia: Overview                                                            

Capital                                           Canberra

 

Government                                Democratic, federal-state system recognizing the British monarch as sovereign

 

Population                                   22,992,264 (2016)

 

Ethnic Groups                             

European                                          92%

Asian                                                6%

Aboriginal and other                      2%

 

Religion                                        

Catholic                                             25.8%

Anglican                                            18.7%

Uniting Church                                5.7%

Presbyterian & Reformed            3%

Eastern Orthodox                           2.7%

Other Christian                               7.9%

Buddhist                                           2.1%

Muslim                                              1.7%

Other                                                2.4%

Unspecified                                      11.3%

None                                                 18.7%

 

Language                                      

English                                              78.5%

Chinese                                             2.5%

Italian                                               1.6%

Greek                                                1.3%

Arabic                                               1.2%

Vietnamese                                      1%

Other                                                8.2%

Unspecified                                      5.7%

 

Independence                             January 1, 1901 (federation of UK colonies)