Spain: Overview                                                      


For more in depth history of Spain navigate your way through different time periods here (scroll to Spain and Portugal and click the down arrow to start)!


Capital                                 Madrid

Government                        Parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Population                          48,563,476 (July 2016 estimated)

Ethnic Groups                     Composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types

Religion                               Roman Catholic      94%

Other                       6%

Language                            

Castilian Spanish 74% (Official nationwide)                                

Catalan 17% (Official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community—where it is known as Valencian)         

Galician 7% (Official in Galicia)                         

Basque 2% (Official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre)                                        

Aranese less than 5,000 speakers (Official in the northwest corner of Catalonia, Vall d'Aran, along with Catalan)

Birth of the Country        

1492 (Unification of several kingdoms which is traditionally considered the birth of present-day Spain)