Italy: Overview                                                   

Capital                    Rome

Government           Republic

Population              61,070,244 (July 2014) 

Ethnic Groups         Italian (includes small clusters of German-Italians, French-Italians, and                            Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in                  the south)

Religion                   Roman Catholic      90% (about one-third practicing)

     Other                    10% (includes mature Protestant and Jewish                                       communities and a growing Muslim immigrant                                 community)

Language                Italian (official)

    German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German     speaking)

     French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region)

     Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

Nation-state           March 17, 1861 (Kingdom of Italy proclaimed; Italy was                 not finally unified until 1870)