Australia: Historical Overview                                             

For more in depth history of Australia navigate your way through different time periods here (scroll to Australia and click the down arrow to start)!

40,000 - 50,000 B.C.            Aboriginal tribes in Australia

 

A.D. 1606                             Captain Willeim Jansz sights Australia

 

1616 – 1629                         Dutch exploration of Australian coast

 

1770                                     Captain Cook claims New South Wales for Great Britain

 

1779                                      Sir Joseph Banks sends British convicts to Australia

 

1788                                      British penal colony established; Sydney founded

 

1817                                      First bank established in Sydney

 

1850                                      First university established

 

1868                                      Great Britain stops sending convicts to Australia

 

1901                                      The Commonwealth of Australia is formed

 

1914                                      Australia becomes involved in World War I

 

1927                                      Canberra becomes the capital of Australia

 

1939                                      Australia becomes involved in World War II

 

1963                                      Aboriginals given full rights as citizens

 

1988                                      Australia celebrates its bicentennial