Hong Kong: Historical Overview                                 

35-39,000 years ago           

Archeological remains found indicating the first known human presence in HK

 

214 BC                                   

Qin Shi Huang, first emperor of China, brings HK into imperial China for the first time

 

1513                                      

Portuguese explorer, Jorge Álvares, first European to set up a settlement in HK for trade

 

1841                                      

HK occupied by the British

 

1860                                      

Boundaries extended beyond Hong Kong island to include Kowloon Peninsula

 

1898                                      

Boundaries extended to include the New Territories

 

1941-45                                

HK occupied by Japan

 

1945-1997                            

British resume control of HK          

 

1997-present           

HK becomes the “special administrative region” (SAR) of China. “In this agreement, China promised that, under its ‘one country, two systems’ formula, China's socialist economic system would not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.”