Brazil: Historical Overview
Various indegnous Amerindian tribes inhabitated what is now Brazil as early as 8,000 years ago.
Pedro Álvares Cabral, a Portuguese explorer declared Brazil a colony of Portugal.
Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its indepdence in 1822.
1822-88 There was a monarchy (king) until the abolition of slavery in 1888.
1889 The country was declared a republic by the military in 1889.
Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio Vargas gained power in 1930.
By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than half a century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers.
Brazil assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-‐11 term.
2011 The first female president, Dilma Rousseff (photo), was elected.
Brazil hosted the Soccer World Cup. Dilma Rousseff was re-‐elected president in a controversial run-‐off vote.
Brazil continues to pursue industrial andagricultural growth anddevelopment of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, today it is South America's leading economic power and a regional leader. It is one of the first countries in the area to begin economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems.
2016 Brazil will host the Summer Olympics.