Mexico: Historical Overview                                              


For more in depth history of Mexico navigate your way through different time periods here (scroll to Mexico and click the down arrow to start)!

Early history               

Present-day Mexico was the site of several advanced Amerindian civilizations - including the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec.

1519                             The beginning of 300 years of Spanish rule over the region.     


Spanish soldiers kill a group of Aztec nobles in the city of Tenochtitlan.

1521                             Spanish forces take the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan.

1810-21                        Mexican War of Independence from Spain.

1836                             Spain recognizes the independence of Mexico.

1910-20                       Mexican Revolution


The first time since the 1910 Mexican Revolution that an opposition candidate - Vicente Fox of the National Action Party (PAN) - defeats the party in government, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).

2006                            Another PAN candidate Felipe Calderon is elected.


Starting in this year, Mexico's powerful drug-trafficking organizations engage in bloody feuding, resulting in tens of thousands of drug-related deaths.


The global financial crisis beginning in late 2008 causes a massive economic downturn the following year in Mexico.

2010                            Economic growth returns to Mexico.

2012                            Enrique Pena Nieto regains the presidency for the PRI. 


Ongoing economic and social concerns include low real wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution and few advancement opportunities for the largely indigenous population in the impoverished southern states.

Mexico has an excellent supply of natural resources and a good supply of labor so the powerful nation has hope of overcoming its economic challenges.