Costa Rica: Geography                                                   

 

 

 

Area

51,100 sq km (includes Isla del Coco)

Area Comparative

About the size of West Virginia, USA

Terrain

Coastal plains separated by mountains including over

 

100 volcanic cones, of which several are major

 

volcanoes

Natural Resources

Hydropower

Natural Hazards

Occasional earthquakes

 

Hurricanes along Atlantic coast

 

Frequent flooding of lowlands at onset of rainy season

 

Landslides

 

Active volcanoes

Environmental Issues

  • Deforestation—largely a result of the clearing of land for cattle ranching and agriculture
  • Soil erosion
  • Coastal marine pollution Fisheries protection Solid waste management Air pollution