South Africa: Geography
- South Africa measures about 1,600km from north to south, and roughly the same from east to west.
- South Africa has nine provinces (image below), which vary considerably in size.
o The smallest is the tiny and crowded Gauteng—a highly urbanized region.
o The largest is the vast, arid and empty Northern Cape—which takes up almost a third of South Africa's total land area.
South Africa is…
- slightly less than twice the size of Texas.
- roughly the same size as Niger, Angola, Mali and Colombia.
- one-eighth the size of the US.
- twice the size of France.
- over three times the size of Germany.
South Africa: Climate
- South Africa's climatic conditions generally range from Mediterranean in the southwest of the country to temperate in the interior plateau, and subtropical in the northeast.
- A small area in the northwest has a desert climate.
- Most of the country has warm, sunny days and cool nights.
- Rainfall generally occurs during summer (November through March), although in the southwest, around Cape Town, rainfall occurs in winter (June to August).
- Temperatures are influenced by variations in elevation, terrain, and ocean currents more than latitude.