Qatar: Climate                                              

 

Explore the world's climate zones here! Search for Qatar and discover where each zone listed above is located within the country.


Overview

Arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers  

Environmental Concerns 
Limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities  

Summer                   
From May to October the Qatari climate is extremely hot, commonly reaching as high as 50°C (120°F), with high humidity near the coastline.
 

Other Seasons       
In the other months the weather is generally moderate and pleasant, with daily temperatures
 averaging 17°C (63°F).  

Rainfall                    
Qatar’s average annual rainfall is less than 130 mm (5 inches) and it usually falls in the winter.
 

Winds                       
Qatar experiences strong northerly winds, known locally as the shimal, in June and July, and southerly winds, called the gaws, in other months. These winds can create sandstorms and dangerous marine conditions.


Sample Qatari Weather Report
Fog ahead! Gulf states Kuwait, Bahrain and Qatar all experienced severe sandstorms on Friday, with visibility reduced to just 50 meters in places. Qatar Meteorological Office predicts worsening weather into the weekend. High winds of up to 20 knots are predicted to hit the Qatar on Wednesday, with additional dust storms and poor visibility likely to cause further traffic chaos on the nation’s roads. The airport is currently closed due to the dust storm. The gusts are forecast to last until Friday and will trigger a temperature plunge of about four degrees. Qatar’s offshore conditions will also be rough with winds of up to 30 knots, while waves are expected to reach seven feet.    

 

Dust/Sandstorms
“This is a recent phenomenon,” said Adnan Akber, a researcher in the water resources division of the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. “This year, in particular, we are receiving intensive dust storms that are also affecting the UAE.”  

Such storms have a complex set of causes, but the main factor, according to Mr Akber, is perhaps the most surprising. There have been many geopolitical consequences of the 2003 invasion of Iraq – and now part of the fallout can be found in the orange dust coating cars all over the UAE, he said. If you’re asking what the major cause of the dust is in the UAE, I would have to say the military operations in Iraq are really changing the surface terrain there. Six years of troop and vehicle movements had, he said, ground soil into fine grains, sending powder billowing skywards. “What that movement does is it disintegrates the soil particles, which, in the past, were naturally compacted,” he said. “Now those particles are being loosened, so it’s easier for that dust to be picked up.”

Mr Akber also pointed to a second year of drought in Iraq, compounded by the lowering of water levels in the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers by damming and irrigation projects upstream in Turkey and Syria, which had contributed to the arid conditions in Iraq.  

NASA’s analysis of the dust cloud image concurred with several of his conclusions. It said: “Some causes included regional drought, water diversion, desertification and power shortages that interfere with irrigation systems. The combination of factors led to a build-up of dust in Iraq that could be lofted into the atmosphere by even slight winds.”

Other experts say military action may not necessarily be the primary cause of the dust.